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Education System of Paraguay


Types of higher education institutions:

Universidad (University)

Instituto Superior

Instituto Técnico Superior

Instituto de Formación Docente (Teacher Training College)

School leaving and higher education credentials:


Técnico Superior






Pre-higher education:

Duration of compulsory education:

Age of entry: 6

Age of exit: 14

Structure of school system:


Type of school providing this education: Educación Initial

Length of program in years: 1

Age level from: 5


Type of school providing this education: Educación Escolar Básica (EEB)

Length of program in years: 9

Age level from: 6 to: 14


Type of school providing this education: Educación Media

Length of program in years: 3

Age level from: 15 to: 17

Certificate/diploma awarded: Bachillerato


Type of school providing this education: Formación Profesional Media

Length of program in years: 3

Age level from: 15 to: 17

School education:

Basic education (Educación Escolar Básica) is free and compulsory and lasts for nine years, divided into three cycles of three years each. Secondary education lasts for three years and is divided into general and professional studies. In addition to the secondary leaving diploma, an entrance examination is necessary to enter universities.

Higher education:

Higher education is provided by universities, both public and private, teacher training institutions and other professional non-university level institutions. The Ministry of Education and Culture is in charge of the implementation of the law on education. The Consejo Nacional de Educación y Cultura proposes higher education policies. The Consejo de Universidades evaluates universities and gives them the approval to function. All public and private universities are created by law.

Main laws/decrees governing higher education:

Decree: Law No 1264 "General de Educacion" Year: 1998

Concerns: Education system

Decree: Law No 136 " de Universidades" Year: 1993

Concerns: Universities

Academic year:

Classes from: Mar to: Nov

Languages of instruction: Spanish, Guarani

Stages of studies:

Non-university level post-secondary studies (technical/vocational type):

Non-university level: Título de Técnico Superior:

The professional title of Técnico Superior gives access to higher studies and the exercise of a profession. It is not an academic degree. Studies are mainly offered at Institutos de Formación Professional del Tercer Nivel but also at Institutos Superiores and Universities.

University level studies:

University level first stage: Título de Grado: Licenciado, Professional Title:

The Licenciatura or professional title is usually conferred after four to six years' study (Medicine, Engineering, Law).

University level second stage: Título de Postgrado: Especialista, Magister, Doctor:

These titles are awarded by Universities and Institutos Superiores after completion of the Licenciatura. The Curso de especialización aims at professional habilitation, the Maestría at deeper knowledge of the field studied, the Doctorado at training researchers.

Teacher education:

Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers

Basic school teachers are trained in four years in teacher training institutes (Institutos de Formación Docente). Studies lead to the title of Profesor de la Educación Escolar Básica. Since 1995, students must sit for a national entrance examination.

Training of secondary school teachers

Secondary school teachers follow a four-year course leading to the qualification of Profesor de Enseñanza Secundaria. They are trained at the Institutos de Formación Docente and must sit for an entrance examination.

Training of higher education teachers

University lecturers must complete special courses for one semester at the Instituto Superior de Educación. They fall into the following categories: profesor titular; profesor adjunto; profesor asistente.


Administration & co-ordination:

Responsible authorities:

Ministerio de Educación y Cultura (Ministry of Education and Culture)

Head: Blanca Ovelar de Duarte, Minister

Administrative officer: Marta Lafuente, Vice-Minister

Chile 849

Tel: +595 (21) 450 014/5

Fax: +595 (21) 450 014/5

EMail: vicedu@mec.gov.py

WWW: http://www.mec.gov.py

Dirección General de Educación Superior (Directorate of Higher Education)

Head: Osvaldo Luis Barresi Villalba, Director General

Paraguari No 758 entre F.R. Moreno y Herrera

Fax: +595 (21) 498 716/ 493 984

EMail: directorgeneral@mec.gov.py

WWW: http://educacionsuperior.mec.gov.py

Consejo Nacional de Educación y Cultura (National Council for Education and Culture)

Head: Domingo Rivarola, Executive secretary




Consejo de Universidades

Head: Roberto Elías Canese, President




Agencia Nacional de Evaluación y Acreditación de la Educación Superior (Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Agency)

Head: Carmen Quintana de Horack, President

Ministerio de Educación y Cultura

EMail: aneaes@telesurf.com.py


Admission to non university higher education studies

Name of secondary school credential required: Bachillerato

Admission to university-level studies

Name of secondary school credential required: Bachillerato

Entrance exams required: Examen de ingreso to enter most universities.

Recognition of studies & qualifications:

Studies pursued in foreign countries (bodies dealing with recognition of foreign credentials):

Universidad Nacional de Asunción


Student expenses and financial aid

Student costs:

Home students tuition fees: Maximum: 3400000 (Guaranie)


Principal national bodies responsible for dealing with international cooperation and exchanges in higher education:

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura

Head: Julia Maciel González, Director

Edificio Sudamérica, Piso 3
Iturbe n 891 calle Manuel Dominguez

Tel: +595 (21) 550 855

EMail: dci@mec.gov.py

WWW: http://www.mec.gov.py


Usual grading system in secondary school

Full Description: 1-5 (new) or 0-10 (old). 5 (10) sobresaliente; 4 (9,8) muy bueno; 3 (7,6) bueno; 2 (5,4) suficiente, regular; 1 (3,2,1) aceptable, no aprobado, aplazado; 0 insuficiente (only in cases of cheating).

Highest on scale: 5

Pass/fail level: 1

Lowest on scale: 0

Main grading system used by higher education institutions

Full Description: 1-5; 5 sobresaliente; 4 distinguido; 3 bueno; 2 regular; 1 reprobado.

Highest on scale: 5

Pass/fail level: 1


Data for academic year: 2004-2005

Source: IBE website, 2001; IESALC/UNESCO report "Diagnostico de los titulos de la educacion superior en Latinoamérica y El Caribe: Situacion en Paraguay" and Ministry Website, 2005

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